Health & Environmental Health

    Sustainable living is a lifestyle that attempts to reduce an individual's or society's use of the Earth's natural resources and personal resources. Practitioners of sustainable living often attempt to reduce their carbon footprint by altering methods of transportation, energy consumption, and diet.


    This course offers you future living skills for a healthier lifestyle and a new approach to consumer choices.

      Topics include:

      • How can we be sustainable in a developed country?
      • How can we be sustainable in a developing country?
      • What is the future with sustainability?
      • Eco-buildings
      • Energy efficient
      • Waste minimizing in your consumer choices
      • Water use and protection
      • Travel options and carbon impacts


      Atmospheric pollution damages human health, ecosystems and vegetation, and is expected to worsen in many regions as development and urbanisation increase. Developing effective strategies for the management and control of air pollution is a key environmental challenge facing society today.

      This course is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the causes and effects of air pollution, and the management measures and engineering technologies available for its control.

      Topics include:

      • Air pollution : a historical perspective 
      • An overview of air pollution in the world : facts and figures   
      • International agreements and policies
      • Impact of air pollution on environment
      • Consequences on health
      • Air pollution in India : general facts
      • Air pollution regulation in India
      • Debate and opinion on air pollution issue in India
      • From sustainable development to zero pollution
      • Governmental initiatives to reduce air pollution in India : national, regional and local responses
      • Alternative and non-governmental initiatives to reduce air pollution in India
      • EduCARE's approach to air pollution

      The cuisine of India is one of the world's most diverse cuisines, characterized by its sophisticated and subtle use of the many spicesvegetablesgrains and fruits grown across India. The cuisine of each geographical region includes a wide assortment of dishes and cooking techniques reflecting the varied demographics of the ethnically diverse Indian subcontinent. India's religious beliefs and culture have played an influential role in the evolution of its cuisine. Vegetarianism is widely practiced in many Hindu, Buddhist and Jain communities.

      The World Health Organization's World Health Report rank's India's healthcare system at 112 out of 190 countries.  The Indian health system includes public and private hospitals as well as specialised Ayurvedic hospitals offering this traditional Indian system of alternative medicine.

      A good health is the primary concern of every individual and also for any government. A country's economy can grow and be healthy only if its people are healthy. Providing and safeguarding the health of people should be one of the primary concern of a government. How has India achieved on this front? This course gives an overview of the health care systems in India including the challenges and successes.

      Topics include:

      • Health in developing countries, a growing concern 
      • Health in India - An overview
      • The rural/urban divide
      • The development of the public sector
      • The development of the private provision of health
      • Growing pharmaceutical sector
      • The cost of health 
      • The need for infrastructures
      • The National Rural Health Mission (2005) (and other programmes)
      • The role of alternative medicine
      • The future of healthcare in India
      •  How can EduCARE's HAAC contribute towards rural health care solutions in India?

         

         

      Agriculture and forestry practices have been in transition since the beginning of time to adapt to anthropogenic changes, including increased population, introduction of non-native species and climate change, among others. These changes have forced practitioners to adapt to new technologies and practices that are more cost, time and space efficient in order to catch up to the growing consumer and management demands. Experts have developed these technologies in order to ensure global health and food security at national, regional and local levels.

      Topics include:

      1. Introduction

      2. Deciding what to plant

      3. Zoning/Orientation/Location

      4. Compost

      5. Supplies and Resources

      7. Climactic Considerations

      8. Soil

      9. Water

      10. Networking for a Market

      11. Documentation and Knowledge Sharing

      12. Other Considerations

      Environment Policy concerns the network of laws and regulations that govern the state of environmental issues that negatively effect human kind, both socially and economically. They encompass issues such as protection and management of natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystems as well as solid waste management and air and water pollution.

      Topics include:

      1. Overview of Environmental Policies in India

      2. Historical Events affecting the Environment

      3. Developing and Emerging Economies in the World Stage

      4. Levels of Government and their responsibilities

      5. India in the world stage

      6. Economic Development vs Environmental Degradation

      7. Challenges in Environmental Policy in India

      8. NEP

      9. India's 5 Year Plans

      10. India's Forest Act

      11. Successes and Failures in India

      12. Improvements for the Future of India's Environment

      The course aims to provide participants with an overview of the tools and conceptual frameworks related to solid waste management in India.

      Topics include:

      • Environmental protection and management in India
      • Integrated solid waste management systems
      • Waste minimisation and recycling in India
      • Waste collection and transportation
      • Treatment and disposal technologies
      • Financial, Social and Institutional aspects
      • Control and management of hazardous substances and toxic wastes
      • Legislation and enforcement policies 
      • Public cleansing and environmental sanitation
      • Environmental impact assessment
      • Investigation of soil and groundwater contamination


      In this course, students will examine current conditions and trends in water and sanitation services in low and middle-income countries, and the underlying political, economic, and technical reasons why almost a billion people still lack access to improved water supplies, and about 2 billion do not have improved sanitation services. The course will address the water supply and sanitation problems of megacities, peri-urban slums, and rural communities.

      The second part of the course will focus on what can be done to solve global water and sanitation problems. Students will examine the main strategies that national governments and donors have tried to improve water and sanitation conditions, and the lessons that can be learned from these experiences.

      Students in this course will develop an in-depth understanding of the current water and sanitation situation in low and middle-income countries, and the challenges that professionals in this field must tackle. 

      An estimated 24% of the global disease burden and 23% of all deaths can be attributed to environmental factors. - WHO 


       Environmental health is the branch of public health that is concerned with all aspects of the natural and built environment that may affect human health. Environmental health is focused on the natural and built environments for the benefit of human health, whereas environmental protection is concerned with protecting the natural environment for the benefit of human health and the ecosystems. 

      Defined by the WHO "Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours. It encompasses the assessment and control of those environmental factors that can potentially affect health. It is targeted towards preventing disease and creating health-supportive environments". 

       This course focuses on several key environmental issues that have a direct impact on the health and livelihood of people in developing and developed nations. The course discusses the realities and challenges we face in each of these areas, as well as innovations for sustainability in each of the environmental sectors.


      Week 1 - Environmental health - a historical context

      Week 2 - Toxin exposure

      Week 3 - Environmentally-Related Infectious Diseases

      Week 4 - Water

      Week 5 - Sanitation

      Week 6 - Energy

      Week 7 - Air

      Week 8 - Agriculture

      Week 9 - Forests and conservation

      Week 10 - Waste Management

      Week 11 - Environmental disasters

      Week 12 - EduCARE India's approach to environmental health